Unwed father alleges racketeering in adoption lawsuit

By Emiley Morgan, Deseret News

Published: Mon, Dec. 30, 2013, 6:50 p.m. MST

 A West Jordan attorney and his client are suing for $130 million over an adoption they say was unlawful, citing a federal act typically used to prosecute gang members and others involved in organized crime.

A West Jordan attorney and his client are suing for $130 million over an adoption they say was unlawful, citing a federal act typically used to prosecute gang members and others involved in organized crime.


SALT LAKE CITY — A West Jordan attorney and his Arizona-based client are suing for $130 million over an adoption that they say was unlawful, citing a federal act typically used to prosecute gang members and others involved in organized crime.

In the complaint filed Friday, attorney Wesley Hutchins and his client, Jake Strickland, accuse a Utah woman who had Strickland's child, LDS Family Services, an LDS Family Services employee, the child's adoptive parents and attorneys from the law firm Kirton McKonkie who aided in the adoption of "racketeering" and "kidnapping." They also allege that the parties are guilty of wire fraud, human trafficking and selling a child.

Hutchins admits the allegations are attention-grabbing and the suit is intended, in part, to bring attention to the rights of birth fathers. But a lawmaker familiar with the case says the lawsuit is unnecessary.

The lawsuit hinges on the story of Strickland, who claims the woman with whom he fathered a child lied to him about her plans for the child until the day before the boy was born. But Hutchins said he pointed to other cases of alleged fraud in the lawsuit as well to demonstrate that the birth mother's fraud was part of what he claims is a larger pattern found among adoption agencies and attorneys in the state.

"It's really an issue of accountability," Hutchins said. "With these fraudulent adoption schemes you find that they are fraudulent, there are co-conspirators involved — most notably adoption attorneys, adoption agencies and adoptive mothers that are engaged in an enterprise," he said. "We've cited those other cases as a necessary element to RICO (Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) to show a pattern of unlawful conduct."

Strickland fathered a child with a woman who was married but estranged from her husband. The woman said she was considering an adoption, but Strickland stated numerous times that he wanted the child and would care for it by himself if necessary, the lawsuit states.

The baby was born, unbeknownst to Strickland, on Dec. 29, 2010. Just over 24 hours later, the birth mother signed documents relinquishing her parental rights.

Strickland had been told by the birth mother that the baby would be delivered by C-section on Jan. 12, 2010. But on Jan. 5, 2010, the birth mother told Strickland in a cellphone conversation that she had placed the baby with an adoptive couple, according to the lawsuit.

Strickland initiated a paternity claim the following day. He had not, however, registered with Utah's putative father registry during the pregnancy.

Strickland later learned that the woman was not legally divorced from her husband, according to press reports. Under the state Judicial Code, a married woman's husband is presumed to be the father of her child.

According to the lawsuit, a social worker pressured the woman's husband to relinquish his parental rights and allow the adoption to proceed. Hutchins said she even threatened the man after he mentioned Strickland, telling him that if he didn't keep quiet he would be stuck with child support payments.

He also alleges that attorneys David Hardy and Larry Jenkins failed to inform the adoption court about a stipulation in a paternity case recognizing Strickland as the biological father and left the man in the dark about proceedings as they "rushed" the adoption. He said he and Strickland are seeking $30 million for what Strickland lost in being able to raise and enjoy his child.

The $100 million is "an amount specifically designed to serve as a deterrent to this kind of conduct," Hutchins said. "Under the Utah Adoption Act you can commit fraud and it is not a basis to overturn an otherwise illegal adoption, you can sue for damages. … So you can't get your child back if there's a fraudulent adoption, but you can get money."

The attorneys in the suit with Kirton McKonkie declined to comment, as did LDS Family Services. But Sen. Todd Weiler, R-Woods Cross, said Strickland had an attorney who told him to follow Utah law and register as the father.

Weiler said he knows of the Strickland family and is sympathetic. He has heard Strickland's mother testify at the Utah Legislature and has met with her.

"It's a tragic story and she feels that she lost her grandchild and my heart goes out to her, but the protections there in the law were there and they weren't followed," Weiler said, emphasizing the ease of registering for paternity in the state.

"His rights would have been protected if he would have just followed the advice of his own attorney," Weiler said. "The lawsuit takes a shotgun approach against a lot of good people and a lot of good entities that are doing lot of good. … It appears to me that they're trying to blame everyone except for the responsible party."

He said he is aware of pending lawsuits alleging injustices for unwed fathers in Utah, but said they don't justify a serious change in the law. He noted that he is an attorney who has personally handled more than 100 adoptions.

"I'm not convinced that a dramatic change needs to take place, because when we make a change it affects tens of thousands of adoptions and what we're looking at in this lawsuit and a few other high-profile lawsuits are one or two bad examples out of 10,000," he said. "I don't think it's good policy for the state to look at one or two exceptions and say, 'Let's change the laws for everyone.'"

Contributing: Carole Mikita

Email: emorgan@deseretnews.com

Twitter: DNewsCrimeTeam

1. K
Mchenry, IL,
Dec. 30, 2013

I am an adoptive parent.

When you want to raise someone else's child you need to ask them. Both of them. All of them. Unmarried father's aren't deadbeats. They are lied to and deceived because couples want to grow their families and there is a shortage of infants. Because agencies want to make money. Wouldn't these adoptive parents and agencies want their sons treated in such a way? Utah has a terrible track record.

The adoptive couple ought to have not only written proof but DNA that they are getting consent from the proper party. They go through great lengths to meet and be matched with mom. They want to pretend dad doesn't exist because it's harder to convince two people to let you raise their child. This isn't honorable.

Mapleton, UT,
Dec. 30, 2013

I'm sorry, but I have very little sympathy for non-married birth fathers. If you are irresponsible enough to father a child with anyone other than a woman you are married to prior to conception, then you automatically relinquish every right pertaining to fatherhood.

Furthermore, if it can be proved that you are the father, then we should establish a new form of civil punishment that requires you to work in servitude to pay for that child's health and well being as well as that of the mother, unless the child is placed for adoption.

Draconian, yes, but the social cost of absentee fathers is the key element in the downward spiral of our culture and our civilization. There are reasons that marriage has historically preceded childbearing.

If I were in the legislature, I would put forth legislation to codify all of the above.

3. K
Mchenry, IL,
Dec. 30, 2013

A man files a paternity claim a day after he is told the baby has been placed with a couple and the courts don't stop the adoption and give the father custody immediately after the test confirm he is the dad?

Why 24 hours? Why does it have to be so immediate? In my opinion a father and mother need appear in court with medical proof they are the bio parents saying clearly with council for them present they consent to the adoptive couple adopting the child.

4. Laura Ann
Layton, UT,
Dec. 30, 2013

AZKID, I think you hit the nail right on the head. This man knew about the pregnancy and didn't follow procedure. I also believe that this child is better off in this adoption. I'm adopted, so I do have some perspective on this matter.

5. On the other hand
Riverdale, MD,
Dec. 31, 2013

You shouldn't have to lose your child forever due to a technicality.

It doesn't take much Googling to find a number of horror stories about unwed fathers who, notwithstanding their good-faith efforts, were deprived of their paternal rights in Utah as their babies were given away for adoption without their consent. Utah is widely considered the worst state in the nation when it comes to the rights of unmarried fathers.

Fathers who care enough to ask to raise the children they father should at least be given a chance to demonstrate that they are capable of doing so. Utah law should be changed to make this a realistic possibility. The law should also be changed so that in cases where birth mothers deceive biological fathers, the fathers have a fighting chance to gain custody.