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Monday, Oct. 20, 2014

Thirsty? Tour highlights Central Utah Water projects

By Amy Joi O'Donoghue, Deseret News

Published: Thu, Sept. 4 9:34 p.m. MDT

 Jordanelle Hydropower Plant on Thursday, Sept. 4, 2014.

Jordanelle Hydropower Plant on Thursday, Sept. 4, 2014.

(Kristin Murphy, Deseret News)

SALT LAKE CITY — Few know of a steep, dark and dripping tunnel that descends several hundred feet under the Soldier Creek Dam at Strawberry Reservoir, carrying water away from the earth it would erode.

Sen. Margaret Dayton, R-Orem, gingerly picked her way along the wet surface, dodging the water that at times cascaded from its ceiling.

Later, after she had emerged from the 500-foot-long drainage tunnel, she admitted she had a "creepy" moment with the realization that it was this structure that was the guardian between her and an unfathomable amount of water.

It was structures like these — unassuming and tucked away from public view — that were showcased Thursday in a rare tour organized by the Utah Farm Bureau in cooperation with the Central Utah Water Conservancy District.

"I am amazed at this impressive engineering feat and absolutely impressed with the genius that went into this to keep our water delivery system safe and clean," Dayton said. "It it is also nice to know that this tunnel is protecting the dam from seepage."

The so-called "right tunnel" was burrowed down and under the dam after its completion, when the rocks around the base of the dam continued to glisten wet and foretold of possible structural failures down the road.

The $1.8 million tunnel is off limits to the public, under strict security and part of an elaborate water storage and delivery system that in this particular section includes 10 reservoirs, more than 200 miles of aqueducts tunnels and canals, a power plant and 300 miles of drains.

Touted as the largest water development project ever undertaken in the state of Utah — the Central Utah Water project moves water from the Colorado River to the populated Wasatch Front. The Bonneville Unit, featured on Thursday's tour, is anticipated to be done in another seven years, with construction costs for the entire project expected to top $3 billion.

Matt Hargreaves, spokesman for the Utah Farm Bureau, set up the tour to give lawmakers a glimpse into the complexities and planning that accompanies water delivery systems.

"Water infrastructure is out of sight and out of mind," he said. "With Utah County's population anticipated to grow by 800,000 by 2050, we will need water to meet that demand. It is time to start thinking about that now."

The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation has mostly retreated from the dam building business and few water officials expect to see the completion of more locally funded dams. Making wise use of available water resources, then, becomes especially paramount, said Alan Matheson, senior environmental advisor to Utah Gov. Gary Herbert.

"I am always trying to learn and understand," Matheson said, explaining his presence on the tour. "It is important that the public understand what the issues and challenges are as we plan for the future of water in Utah."

Farther north of Soldier Creek, the tour stopped at the Jordanelle hydropower plant, which has the capacity to generate 13 megawatts of electricity that is then conveyed to Heber Light and Power.

The project began commercial power generation in 2008 and supplies enough electricity to light up 9,000 homes. Through a series of exchanges, one-third of the power goes to St. George, and another third to Lehi.

The hydropower plant is tucked away in a nondescript building at the base of the 300-foot dam at Jordanelle Reservior.

At the top, the expanse of Jordanelle shimmers under a September sun with clear skies, promising the more than million people it serves that water will flow to homes, fields, gardens and businesses.

Three dry years are starting to take their toll on the reservoir — dropping it 33 feet — but it has been able to fulfill its water supply role thus far.

"Without this reservoir, there would have been massive shortages in Salt Lake and Utah counties," said Richard Tullis, assistant general manager for the Central Utah Water Conservancy District.

Afterward, Daryl Devey, the district's Bonneville area operation and maintenance manager, said he hoped tour participants walked away with an enhanced understanding of water delivery systems, and why they are critical.

"It is good to be able to educate people on what it takes just to be able to take a drink of water. We all, including myself, turn on the tap and expect it to be there," he said. "All of the facilities we saw have to be there — at least for a good part of the people in Salt Lake and Utah valleys — to be able to live there. If it were not for these facilities, the water would have been gone a long time ago."

Email: amyjoi@deseretnews.com, Twitter: amyjoi16

Recommended
1. BYU Track Star
Los Angeles, CA,
Sept. 5, 2014

Thanks for the educating article on the state of Utah Water Resources. The loose ends of the article are: 1.) How will the $3 Billion Project be repaid? 2.) Are Utah's water managers looking at other water resource continguencies should this Western drought last several more years? Conservation is good to a point in strecthing water supplies. 3.) Are Utah water agencies offering financial incentives (money) to have water customers use less water to irrigate their lawns? Southern California, Nevada and Arizona have these programs already in place.

2. John Locke
Ivins, , UT,
Sept. 5, 2014

I have lived in both Southern and Northern California from 1938 through 2001. Water has always been a hot commodity, especially in Southern California. I used to drive a car to USC to go to school and the streets and boulevards were 3-5 feet under water in some places. They built an 8 mile waterway through to Marina del Ray, and Venice, where I lived.

Have to hand it to what we call "politicians," in those days. Mayor Sam Yorty and Governor Pat Brown were sharp and knew how to spend the taxpayers' dollar.

In Utah our Governor and legislature, as well as those Governors and legislatures of previous administrations should be applauded for some of the great work they do and have done.

Unfortunately, today we see our national government spending on projects and social programs which have little real value for all of the people (Obamacare), and in some cases, just a small minority, many of whom do not pay any taxes at all.

3. My2Cents
Taylorsville, UT,
Sept. 6, 2014

This project has been a work in progress on an expired bond for over 50 years and it will be a work in progress for another 50 or until some one figures out this central Utah water project is an illegally funded tax sucking and expired after 20 years of public bonding. For a few years the feds have pumped money into this albatross of a project until 2 years ago which the governor diverted it to other state projects. The fact that the tunnel is leaking under the reservoir means its about to rupture and flood the tunnel.

Now that water has become an issue of survival the Governor is displaying this work in progress that is doomed to fail and delay until the present administration gets out of office. Since the 50 years have passed for the 20 year bond was approved by voters water resources of the Green River and Colorado Rivers and Snake rivers have declined.

This report is to shut up the people and discredit the fears of citizens who are against the oil fracking that will further reduce water supplies and contaminate wells for cities across the state.

4. county mom
Monroe, UT,
Sept. 6, 2014

please take another chemistry and geology class before you comment.

Since water is so short in the state of Utah, why would we ever ever consider giving Nevada access to Utah water? Why do we not use our full share of the Colorado? and Green?
Utah has water available that lands here in our state, but for some reason we seem to care more that Arizona, Nevada and Colorado have enough then we care to feed our own. Why?